Auto parts are the units that make up the whole car and serve the products of the car, which constitute the parts and accessories of the car. The categories are: engine parts, accessories, brake accessories, steering accessories, walking accessories, electrical instrument accessories, automotive lighting, car modification, security, car interiors, automotive accessories, integrated accessories, audio and video , Chemical care, body and accessories, maintenance equipment, power tools.
A wide range of auto parts, car brands are now more and more cars, more and more types. Car can be divided into two types of passenger cars and commercial vehicles, including passenger cars refers to the vehicle seat less than nine sitting (including the driver's position) to carry the main purpose of the vehicle. Specifically, the passenger car is divided into basic passenger cars that are cars, MPV models, SUV models and other models such as pickup and so on.
Commercial vehicles are vehicles with more than nine seats (including drivers) or vehicles with the main purpose of loading. Specifically divided into: bus, truck, semi-trailer, passenger car is not complete, cargo non-complete car.
With the improvement of people's living standards, people's consumption of cars is also increasing, the auto parts of the market has become increasingly large. In recent years, auto parts manufacturers are also rapid development.
In a certain period of time, China's auto parts are suffering from exchange rate war and inflation and other issues, to solve these problems not only to improve their technical level to pull higher value-added products to resist exchange rate and inflation problems, but also long-term vision , Grasp the future trend of auto parts, playing a battle. From a certain period of time the development of China's auto parts have the following four trends:
1. International industry transfer accelerated, mergers and acquisitions active.
In a certain period of time most of the domestic auto parts business sales are low, and sales of up to 10 billion US dollars of multinational giants compared to China's auto parts size is significantly smaller. And China's manufacturing exports has always been known for cheap, multinational large enterprises in order to effectively reduce production costs, open up new markets not only to low-cost countries and regions, large-scale transfer of manufacturing links, and will gradually extend the scope of research and development, design, procurement , Sales and after-sales service links, the scale of the transfer is growing, the level is getting higher and higher.
2010 has a number of parts and components of multinational companies through joint ventures and other means to build factories in China. November 3, 2010 US ArvinMeritor to make China's localization strategy, A Manmei plans to use five years, the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 10% of the global revenue ratio, raised to 1/3. "The future, the Asia-Pacific region, especially the Chinese market, and off-highway vehicle business, will become the key areas of development of A Manmei Chi.
Domestic parts enterprises in order to compete in the future international market share, the quickest way is through the merger and reorganization, the formation of large-scale parts enterprise groups. Parts and components of the merger and reorganization of enterprises more urgent than the vehicle, if there is no large parts enterprises appear, the cost does not come, the quality does not increase the development of the entire industry will be extremely difficult. In the domestic enterprises, such as small scale, weak strength, lack of research and development capabilities, the parts industry if you want to develop rapidly, we must speed up the merger and reorganization, the formation of economies of scale.
2. Auto parts enterprises to actively implement the systematic development, modular manufacturing, integrated supply, auto parts industry cluster development characteristics are obvious.
From the world's major automobile manufacturers to develop auto parts industry in the process of view, the development of parts industry cluster and the development of the automotive industry in the same important position, to be bigger and stronger must develop into an industrial cluster, which is the auto parts industry The strategic choice. Vehicle companies in product development on the use of platform strategy, systematic development, modular manufacturing, integrated supply gradually become the auto parts industry trends. At the same time, the auto parts industry cluster development characteristics become more and more obvious.
3. Global auto parts procurement will become the trend, but the next period of time China will continue to export and internationalization as the main theme.
With the changes in the organizational structure of the auto parts industry, more and more OEMs will implement global procurement of spare parts. But China's huge manufacturing and quality and cheap characteristics of the short period of time can not change, so the auto parts in the next period of time will continue to export and internationalization as the main theme.
In a certain period of time, international buyers for China's procurement increasingly rational and practical, through the selection and training of potential core suppliers; increase their own logistics integration; strengthen communication with foreign factories in the country to improve the latter's enthusiasm for exports; decentralized procurement Destination, and other emerging markets in comparison to determine the procurement location, etc. to promote the process of China's procurement.
According to the analysis, although the international buyers for China's procurement increasingly cautious, but the next decade, exports and internationalization will continue to be the main theme of China's domestic parts manufacturers. The main reasons are:
1) auto parts is a global industry, Chinese suppliers to improve the pace of international development is inevitable, some have begun to taste the results of international procurement enterprises to pass a very positive signal;
2) China's parts and components enterprises, especially supporting the market parts suppliers, the competitive environment more and more brutal, internationalization will be one of the main ways of differentiation;
3) After several years of rapid growth, the relevant supporting manufacturers have reached more than 1 billion scale, with a certain degree of international expansion of economic strength;
4) foreign / joint ventures will also increase export efforts, so that China truly become a manufacturing center, thus forming a virtuous circle.
4. Development trend of new technology for auto parts.
The development of new technology of auto parts presents the following main trends: the depth of development has been deepened; the generalization and standardization of parts have been improved; the electronic and intelligent level of parts has been improved; the weight of vehicle and parts has become the future development trend; Environmental protection technology has become the commanding heights of future industrial competition. In a certain period of time China's auto industry there are still many deficiencies, such as poor industrial base, unreasonable structure and lack of research and development and lack of brand names, etc., are all talking about some commonplace problems. Eleventh Five-Year period, the National Development and Reform Commission to enhance the competitiveness of auto auto industry as a guide to the industry's main objectives. Twelfth Five-Year Plan, auto parts enterprises need to further improve the core competitiveness.